How to write a scientific article?

How to write a scientific article?

So, do you need to write a research paper? If this assignment makes you nervous or overwhelmed, you may just be afraid of the unknown. Take it easy!

First of all, let’s discuss what research work is. When you learn more about what you want to do, you may not find it so intimidating. A research paper is a written work that contains information about a specific topic that you have studied. It’s not as easy as writing an article about your summer vacation, because you don’t have to experiment to find out more about your research topic than anyone else already knows. Ideally, you should do it in a way that is understandable and interesting. If you’re worried that you don’t know how to write a research paper, don’t worry. This article will help you write a great research paper. It will make it easier for you to write your paper because it will guide you through the entire process.

Before we begin, we must answer the question that many researchers ask about scientific papers: “What’s the point? What will I get out of it?” One answer is that you will gain writing research papers experience! This may seem silly, but it is not. You will learn a lot about the topic that interests you. You will start by knowing very little about it, and eventually become an expert in your industry. And, perhaps most importantly, you will learn how to conduct research. This is a skill that you will use for the rest of your life. They say that the mark of a good education is not how much you know, but how good you are at finding what you need to know. Obviously, being able to do research is an important skill. Finally, you will gain experience on how to take on a task, see it through to the end, and take pride in your achievement. After completing the work, you will understand how useful it is.

This article will give you answers to multiple questions and lead you through the steps of the publishing process:

1. Choice of research topics

2. Preparation of material for research, development of the concept

3. Selection of sources

4. Grouping information and its systematization

5. Writing the “Introduction” section

6. Creating and writing the main part

7. Writing results and conclusions

8. Material approval

9. Text design

Writing scientific papers is a difficult task, and it only gets harder with practice.

1. Have a central (overarching) research question. What question does your research mainly answer? It’s good to have multiple questions that you answer, but ideally they should all be tied to a central topic.

2. Correct structure. Typically, you have Annotation > Introduction > Methods > Results > Discussion. If you’re publishing in a peer-reviewed journal, it’s a good idea to have a detailed methods section for reproducible results.

3. Avoid verbosity. Nobody wants to read long, convoluted statements. Keep short and clear ideas in mind. Be simple, and simplify your sentences. You can use software like Grammarly to make sure your sentence structure is correct. But if you have trouble structuring your document, please contact the editors at E-SCIENCE SPACE. We can easily help you organize your article.

4. Plagiarism? No! No and again no. We think one of the easiest ways to commit academic suicide is to plagiarize. Most institutions have a zero tolerance policy for this. Before you write an article, write down the points you really want to say. Close or hide your help articles to avoid subconsciously copying their writing style.

5. Cite, cite, cite! Make sure you cite every link and almost every scientific fact you put in there.

6. Proofreading, as many times as the eye sees. When beginners write articles, they think they’re the best until they’re read by either supervisors or editors. They simply remove the excess from them, and find those moments that or do not carry any meaning. The thing is, we tend to overestimate our work. So have a few people read your article (of course, not the kind of people who want to bury your work and your ideas) and suggest edits. It may also be a good idea to have some of the junior lab staff read it as if they can’t understand it, you might want to make your paper easier to read.

Stages of writing a scientific article:

1. Theme

1. How to choose a research topic?

Choosing a research topic is more difficult than it looks, especially if you have a lot of ideas and a wide scientific field. You can make it easier if you follow these simple guidelines.

Some people think that the best way to choose a topic is to find a topic that sounds easy. However, choosing an easy topic can backfire if the topic doesn’t interest you. Therefore, the working rule for scientific authors: CHOOSE THE Narrowest TOPIC FOR RESEARCH AS POSSIBLE. The more generalized and broader the topic is, the more sources, thoughts, ideas, etc. it will have, and of course you will be distracted by all the “important” points. Thus, your article will grow into a full-fledged book.

Therefore, this section should include important factors for choosing a topic:

  • Confidence that you will be able to explore the topic in your professional direction.
  • Narrowing the topic, choosing a point subject of research in order to be able to reveal it as much as possible
  • The conviction that this issue is in your aspect, and through such a prism has not yet been considered by domestic and foreign researchers.

While this list suggests that there is a simple, linear process for writing such a paper, the actual process of writing a research paper is often confusing and recursive, so use this outline as a flexible guide.

2. Help in developing a concept for scientific work.

The search, narrowing and concentration of a topic for research gives an author a complete fundamental basis for writing a scientific manuscript. In order to make it easier for you to create a concept and study a structure plan, follow these recommendations:

– Try to find a topic you are really interested in, so you will personally explore what you like.

– Try to write your way to the topic – describe how your topic begins, what questions have not yet been disclosed in the topic under study, and in what ways you would solve the problem and give answers to the questions posed.

– Discuss the topic with the teacher and classmates or colleagues – if your social circle includes people who are interested in your field and have any experience in writing similar papers, always take the opportunity to hear from them any advice or recommendations.

– Present your topic as a question to be answered or a problem to be solved. As mentioned above, it will be easier for you to compose a complete scientific article. If you do not have a specific question, then there will be nothing to answer.

3. How to find suitable sources for a scientific article?

We have repeatedly told what is better to choose sources for scientific work. But the main factors remain unchanged:

– Use of journals, books, other documents preferably from databases such as Scopus / Web of Science to add to your work a more confident foundation in the form of an authoritative publication.

– Use of periodical publications articles, bibliographies, recommendations of colleagues.

– Make sure you’re getting your information from a reliable source, and if possible, always try to link to an online source.

Reviewers often pay attention to the list of references, and if they see authoritative publications in it, they treat the manuscript more loyally. Why? Because the source is verified, and if you take information from it, then the information is reliable. If you take information from an incomprehensible site, such information is suspected of not being of high quality.

4. How to group and organize information in article?

The following systems will help you stay organized in writing an article and not lose information about sources directly in the future, as well as consistently build a chain, for example, “from theory to practice”:

– system of tagging sources on bibliographic cards

– a system of organizing material according to its relative importance

– note taking system.

These recommendations systematize your writing, which in turn will make it easier for you to find primary sources later, and will not allow you to fill your head with secondary information.

And, of course, be specific. If the reader could not understand what exactly your research paper is about, then you did not achieve your goal. The purpose and results must be absolutely clear.

5. Introduction – the pain of all scientists, how to write an introduction and interest the reader?

In most cases, the introduction is the difficult section, as “looking at a blank sheet is the hardest thing to start with”. But we can use the draft, and understand where to start your proposal so that it meets all the standards of scientific work, but at the same time it is not just a set of dry facts. In the introduction, you need to do the following:

– provide relevant background or contextual material. In simple words: the theoretical basis of what you will talk about further, in the main part;

– if necessary, give a definition of terms or concepts, as well as if your article contains a lot of abbreviations – first write them out in full, and indicate that they will be abbreviated later in the text;

– explain the focus of the article and your specific goal. Many authors confuse this with the abstract section, which describes the article very briefly. 

6. Is writing the main part is the main thing in the article?

– Use your notes and this article as a flexible guide.

– Build your essay around the points you want to make (i.e. don’t let the sources organize your work), but don’t forget that the more off-topic the more difficult the work will be.

– Integrate sources into your reasoning, not forgetting authoritative authors in your field.

– Summarize, analyze, explain, and evaluate published work, rather than just writing about it.

7. Are there always conclusions in the article?

Yes, always. For if you conduct analysis or research, then there will be some result after the work done. And if you come to any conclusions, then they should be described.

Recommendations for conclusions may be as follows:

– If the argument or thesis of your article is complex, you need to summarize it for the reader.

– If you have not yet explained the meaning of your findings before the conclusion, or if you are acting inductively, use the end of the article to summarize your points and explain their meaning.

– Move from a detailed to a general level of consideration that brings the topic back to the context presented in the introduction.

– It is perhaps appropriate to suggest that this topic needs further research.

8. Revision of the final version. Proofreading. Edits.

After the work done, there will always be moments that you want to change, replace, fix. But the main aspects will be:

– To check the overall organization: the consistency of the introduction, the coherence and depth of the discussion in the main body, the effectiveness of the conclusion.

– Double-check at the paragraph level: topic sentences, consistency of ideas in paragraphs, use of detail to support generalizations, summarizing sentences where necessary, use of transitions within and between paragraphs.

– Sentence level: sentence structure, word choice, punctuation, spelling.

– Documentation: Consistent use of a single system, citation of all material not considered public knowledge, appropriate use of endnotes or footnotes, accuracy of the list of cited works.

9. Text design.

In the scientific world, it is not enough just to write a good paper. The researcher is also expected to wrap up it in a beautiful and presentable way and present it to the public.

After the work already done, the author still has to strain in search of how to arrange and where to publish it.

In this matter, we would recommend leaving the organizational part for specialists. Of course, you can look at “How to publish a scientific article”, but you should understand how many difficulties you will face. Leave this part of the work to E-SCIENCE SPACE. We will help you not only with the editing of your scientific article but also with selecting the best source for publication and will publish the article in the best possible way.